“Scuola di Piazza del Popolo”
early 60s some young artists such as Mario Schifano, Gaetano Festa, Franco
Angeli, Cesare Tacchi, Mimmo Rotella and Giosetta Fioroni begin to gather in
Piazza del Popolo to the "Caffè
Short also adhere Mario Ceroli, Pino Pascali, Kounellis, Renato Mambor, Salvo Lombardo and later Joseph Hooks, Fabio Mauri Umberto Bignardi and Francesco Lo Savio.
These artists gravitate around the gallery "La tartaruga" (that, since 1963 is moved by Plinio De Martiis to Piazza del Popolo), and the Gallery's "l’Attico" of Fabio Sargentini.
The school will never have a common artistic address, and from the beginning, as well note the critic Maurizio Calvesi there are three different currents, uneven among them: Schifano, Angeli Festa - Ceroli, Kounellis, Pascali - Lombardo, Mambor, Tacchi, that soon will take his own personal way.
The so-called "School of Piazza del Popolo" will never achieve its own specific identity, as confirmed by the Venice Biennale of 1964 which recognizes the American"Pop Art" , with works by J. Dine, J. Johnes, Chamberlain, Rauschenberg, Oldenburg, others; numerous artists exhibited in the Italian Pavilion of the "school" but only as individual: Angels with canvas covered with gauze, Schifano presents enamels on paper reported on canvas, Festa presents paintings with part of Michelangelo figure, Fioroni with works conceived as a photographic sequences and Ceroli that exhibited in the gardens the "Cassa Sistina".
In 1964/65 some artists such as Pascali and Ceroli begin to establish themselves within the Roman artistic world, anticipating the art encroachment towards the physical space, the installation, until 1967 when virtually the school concludes its existence to give space to the Movement "Arte Povera"carried out in Rome by the Galleries: L’“Attico", "La Salita" and "La Tartaruga".
The events that characterize this date are:
- the exhibition of "8 Roman painters" (Angeli, Ceroli, Festa, Fioroni, Kunellis, Pascali, Schifano and Uncini) presented by Maurizio Calvesi to the “Foscherari Gallery” of Bologna in collaboration with the gallery "La Tartaruga" of Rome.
- the exhibition christened with the title "Arte Povera" organized by Germano Celant who presents the painters: Bignardi, Ceroli, Kounellis, Mambor, Mattiacci, Pascali and Uncini, who are turning towards the research of everyday object inspired by minimalism.
Artists who do not participate in the movement "Arte Povera" continue in his artistic activities in total autonomy.